The government has eligibility criteria that are based on the household’s annual income and the number of family members. There are two types of ration cards: APL (above poverty line) ration cards and BPL (below poverty line) ration cards. These have different eligibility requirements and provide a different amount of food grains and rations. A ration card is also a widely accepted form of identification for an Indian citizen.

The government devises various schemes to provide benefits based on the availability of food grains (informed by the planning commission).

Under the National Food Security Act, the Public Distribution System provides subsidised food grain.

Ration cards are classified into two types:

Priority ration card: issued only to households that meet the eligibility criteria established by their state government. Every month, they receive approximately 5 kilogrammes of food grain per member.

Antyodaya (AAY) ration cards are issued to the poorest households, those without a stable source of income or whose head of the family’s income is insufficient for subsistence. Every month, they receive 35 kilogrammes of food.


Prior to the NFSA, there were three types of ration cards: above-the-poverty-line ration cards, below-the-poverty-line ration cards, and AAY Antyodaya Ration Cards.

The government devises various schemes, one of which was the “One nation, one ration card scheme,” which was implemented by 17 states in total. Ration can be obtained from Public distribution system (PDS) shops for one’s family.

The government launched the ONE NATION, ONE RATION CARD scheme with the intention of allowing people to obtain their entitled food grains and rations under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) from fair shops across the country.

To ensure the viability of the ration card, state governments have urged that it be issued in a bi-lingual format, making it easier for citizens to use. The first language would be the individual’s native tongue, and the second would be Hindi.

In light of the current state of the lockdown, migrant workers who are stranded in various locations would benefit from the government of India’s initiative. Ration card holders would thus be able to purchase subsidised food grains using their current ration cards issued in their own hometown or state.


Children under the age of 18 can use the facilities with their parents’ ration cards if they are a legal citizen of India. They must, however, apply for separate ration cards once they reach the age of 18.

Under this one nation, one ration card scheme, all ration card holders can purchase subsidised food grains from fair price shops.

To receive all of these benefits, you must first meet the eligibility requirements and obtain a ration card.

Considering the numerous advantages of a ration ration card, one should apply for one. The government has simplified the application process by making it available online. Not only can one apply for a ration card online, but one can also apply for other documents such as an employment card or a shramik card.


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